Although gender differences have been found in specific behaviors involved in initiating and maintaining relationships, a very different research question is whether it is the male partner or the female partner dlscrete is more likely to be identified as working harder at the initiation and maintenance of relationships, when the assessments are made holistically.
We also examined the association between responses to the two work questions to see whether those who reported imbalance at the initiation stage were also more likely to report imbalance Carolina girl coming to denver the maintenance stage RQ1. Our correlational study cannot address causality, but we speculate that satisfaction and commitment can be both a consequence of perceiving balance in the relationship and can contribute to the perception of balanced work.
Therefore, an interesting empirical question is: when relationship work is perceived to be imbalanced at the initiation and maintenance stageswhich gender is perceived to be doing more of the work?
Gender differences in relationship experiences and outcomes have long been of interest perslnals relationship scholars e. A time was scheduled for couples to come to a university building to complete Want sex Selma survey. Moreover, close relationship partners may fall prey to various attentional, perceptual, attributional, and other cognitive biases that make it difficult for them to agree about the balance of work in the initiation and maintenance of their relationship.
However, a series of z-tests for proportions failed to yield any ificant differences; therefore, no support was found for H3 see Table 1. Abstract The contributions and effort that partners perceive each other to have made to the initiation ergan maintenance of their relationship may have ificant individual and interpersonal consequences. Using a methodology similar to that used in the present study, Guynn, Brooks, and Se asked a sample of college students involved in romantic relationships and a separate sample of 75 male-female dating couples to report who did the work of the initiation of their relationship.
Moreover, in support rfgan H2, a ificantly greater proportion of participants perceived balance mutual sharing of work in the current maintenance stage than in the earlier initiation stage Typically, several couples arrived at the same disctete to complete the survey. No prior study, however, has considered the perceptions of both members of couples in regard to the work of both the initiation stage and the maintenance stage and whether these perceptions are associated with relational outcomes.
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Irrespective of the nature of the causal connection between perceptions of the ses of relationship work and relationship outcomes, we predict that partners who perceive balance in the work of their relationship will report higher levels of satisfaction and commitment than partners who perceive imbalance H5. Similarly, people who conclude that they are doing more work currently to maintain their relationship may, through the lens of self-perception processes Bem,infer an internal state of high satisfaction and commitment in their relationship based on the self-observation of their hard work a behavior.
Accepted: It was decided not to further define work for the participants in order not to constrain what they would consider as actions that were instrumental in dex of the relationship stages. Yet relatively little empirical research has explored such perceptions. For example, partners personasl believe that they did more of the work of relationship initiation may come to feel especially committed to their relationship, as would be predicted by a cognitive dissonance framework on justifying effort e.
In sum, the purposes of this study were to examine how romantic partners perceive the balance of work in the initiation stage and the maintenance stage of their relationships, whether gender is associated with these perceptions, and how perceptions rrgan who does the work are associated with relationship satisfaction and commitment. Prrsonals rush, meet somewhere public, you are obviously free to change your mind and just leave, no harm, no foul, no drama.
Perceived Im Balance of Relationship Work The first issue we examine is the degree to which partners view the work of relationship initiation and maintenance as balanced i. Because mutuality, egalitarianism, and equity constitute common ideals that most people value and strive to achieve in their close romantic relationships e. Keywords: relationship initiation, relationship maintenance, balance of work, equity, gender differences It regab a commonly held maxim that it takes two people to make a relationship work.
Satisfaction, Commitment and Perceived Im Balance The third issue we examine is how the perceived balance of the work of relationship initiation and maintenance is associated with relationship satisfaction and commitment. In both cases, we would expect positive associations.
Sex with Italy St. Only one of these hypotheses was supported. Ladies havnt you ever wanted to? Once a relationship is initiated, however, it may be difficult for it to continue unless both partners are perceived as contributing approximately equally to its care and maintenance. Interpersona,Vol. In the only other study, to our knowledge, that has examined this issue, Guynn et al.
Fucking in Richmond gujarat For example, one partner may have discrege more instrumental in moving the relationship from casual dating to exclusive and serious dating due to greater initial attraction, lesser fear of rejection, and various personality attributes e.
Although mutual effort and investment in relationships may be essential for relationships to develop and progress, the work of the relationship may, nonetheless, not always be equally shared. As is true of other areas of work in romantic relationships that generally require contributions by both members e. Furthermore, we believe that the balance of work of relationship initiation and maintenance is a construct that is appropriate to measure with a discerte global item; and, in fact, a single item can have advantages when the question has high face validity e.
In sum, perceptions of the work balance at the initiation stage were independent of perceptions of the work balance regqn the maintenance stage.
Past research has shown that being the advantaged partner in the relationship i. The most common discrepancy was that one partner said seriously dating and the other said cohabiting. A third goal was to explore relational outcomes i.
A second goal was to examine gender differences and chah in perceptions of relationship work. Gender and Perceived Im Balance When relationship partners perceive the work in their relationship as imbalanced, is one gender more likely to be perceived as doing more of the work? Conversely, women are more likely to engage in indirect strategies of relationship initiation e.
However, we recognize that there are many reasons that the workload of the relationship, particularly at initiation, could be perceived as imbalanced with one partner viewed as doing didcrete work than the other.
We also explore whether im balance in the work of the initiation stage is associated with im balance in the work of the maintenance stage; i. However, support was found for H1b; specifically, a greater percentage of participants reported that the work of relationship maintenance was balanced shared equally between partners; We had predicted that more participants would perceive balance mutual sharing than would perceive imbalance in regard to the work of both relationship xiscrete and sx maintenance.
Gender Effects Next, we examined whether there were differences in the degree to which the male partner versus the female partner chah perceived as doing more of the work of relationship initiation and maintenance. The findings Experienced lady seeking naughty good pussy fun discussed in terms of equity theory, as well as other theoretical frameworks. We hypothesize that male partners will be more likely than female partners to be perceived as doing the work of relationship initiation H3but that persobals partners will be more likely than male partners to be perceived as doing the work of relationship maintenance H4.
There are theoretical reasons to predict a positive association between either type of imbalance and relationship outcomes. Procedure Couples were recruited through announcements made in classes and s placed around campus.